The warm summers and cool winters are excellent for growing apple, pear, plum and other fruit trees in North Carolina. It usually takes a few years of growth before the fruit can be harvested. If the tree tries to bear fruit during the first few seasons, you should manually remove the flowers and small fruits to allow the tree to grow and gain strength. This will result in bountiful and larger fruit later. Here are some of the most popular fruit trees to grow in North Carolina.
Fig Fruit Trees
Fig trees are easy to grow with minimal maintenance, early fruit bearing, and are mostly self-pollinating. Damaged branches should be pruned in the spring. They are excellent container trees that should be brought indoors if temperatures approach 5°F. It is pest resistant and requires watering weekly.
Peach Fruit Trees
Peach trees are perfect for the hot and humid Carolina summers. The tree will grow 20 to 15 feet high and 20 to 30 feet wide. They cannot survive if temperatures stay below 10°F consistently. Blight and mold are common problems, especially during wet seasons. Spraying with a multipurpose fungicide/insecticide will protect the tree from diseases.
Pear Fruit Trees
Pear trees bloom and bear fruit early in the summer. They are drought resistant, and can handle high heat, and humidity. The trees are susceptible to insect and disease, occasionally needing organic fungicide/insecticide treatment. They require maintenance and pruning for a good fruit yield. If the ground stays wet for long periods, root rot can occur, harming or killing the tree.
Apple Fruit Trees
Apple trees grow in any soil, are cold hardy, and heat tolerant. Any branch dead, damaged, or diseased should be pruned in the winter. Compost and mulch need to be placed around the base of the tree in the spring. During the summer, the tree requires regular watering. Organic fungicide/insecticide are necessary to prevent insect infestation and disease.
Plum Fruit Trees
Plum trees love the heat and grow quickly. They produce more fruit in the summer after a warm winter and spring. The tree grows 8 to 10 feet high and 6 to 8 feet wide and requires good drainage. It is insect and disease resistant. Pruning is required and it can take 5 to 6 years before fruit is produced.
To have bountiful fruit, your tree will require some maintenance and care. All fruit trees need to have any diseased, damaged, or dead branches pruned. Call Integrity Tree Care today for your tree pruning needs.